About The Authors

Marla B. Hall
Texas A&M University Department of Health and Kinesiology Division of Health Education
United States

Recent Health Education PhD graduate from Texas A&M University; Department of Health and Kinesiology; Division of Health Education

Jeffrey J. Guidry
Texas A&M University Department of Health and Kinesiology Division of Health Education
United States

Associate Professor in the Department of Health and Kinesiology; Division of Health Education

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
User
or
Notifications
Information
Journal Content Search

Browse

Literature Review of Cultural Competence Curriculum within the United States: An Ethical Implication in Academic Preparational Programs

Review Article

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to explore literature focused on health related preparational programs’ ability, experiences and effectiveness in developing the skill sets of students to improve health outcomes of ethnic and racial minority populations.                                             Method: EbscoHost, MEDLINE, PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for articles published between 1998 and 2012 to identify research on cultural competency academic curriculum in health disciplines.  From this literature review, researchers extracted studies reported on cultural competency in collegiate programs and practitioner assessments. Result: Sixteen articles were identified, 10 original research studies and 6 review articles or commentaries. Of these, eight were from medicine, three from health education, two from nursing and three from pharmacy education. The majority of studies utilized a case study or multi-site assessment approach. Themes derived from the review include: administrative views and assessments; practitioner academic preparation analysis; student focused activities and; guided academic curriculum development. Conclusion: Groups currently experiencing poorer health status are expected to grow as a proportion of the total U.S. population; therefore, the future health of America as a whole will be influenced substantially by improving the health of these racial and ethnic minorities. As a result health education specialists must be culturally competent to implement effective programming targeting these populations. Cultural competence incorporates principles which contribute to understanding the cultural and social influence on individuals’ health behaviors and beliefs. Those employed in preparation programs have a responsibility to build the capacity of students through the utilization of appropriate curriculum.

Keywords

Cultural competence; Academic preparational programs; Curriculum development

References

Office of Minority Health & Health Disparities. About minority health. 2010. Available from:

http://www.cdc.gov/omhd/AMH/AMH.htm.

Harvard Catalyst. Cultural competence in research. 2010. Available from: http://www.mfdp.med.harvard.edu/catalyst/publications/Cultural_Competence_Annotated_Bibliography.pdf.

The Coalition of National Health Education Organizations. Code of ethics for the health education profession. 2011. Available from: http://www.cnheo.org/PDF%20files/CODE%20OF%20ETHICS%202011%20Full.pdf.

Luquis R, Perez M, Young, K. Cultural competence development in health education professional

preparation programs. Am J Health Behav. 2006;37(4):233-41.

Rojas-Guyler L, Wagner D, Chockalingam S. Latino cultural competence among Health Educators: Professional preparation implications. Am J Health Stud. 2006;21(2):99-106.

Tremethick M, Smit E. Preparing culturally competent health educators: The development and evaluation of a cultural immersion service-learning program. Electron J Health Educ. 2009;12:185-93.

Poirier, T, Butler L, Devraj R, Gupchup G, Santanello C, Lynch C. A cultural competency course for pharmacy students. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73(5):81.

Crandall S, George G, Marion G, Davis S. Applying theory to the design of cultural competency training for medical students: A case study. Acad Med. 2003;78(6):588-94.

Haack S, Phillips C. Teaching cultural competency through a pharmacy skills and applications course series. Am J Pharm Educ. 2012;76(2):27.

Alegria M. Training for research in mental health and HIV/AIDS among racial and ethnic minority populations: Meeting the needs of new investigators. Am J Public Health. 2009:99;26-30.

Alvarez R, Vasquez E, Mayorga C, Feaster D, Mitrani V. Increasing minority research participation through community organization outreach. West J Nurs Res. 2006;28:541-63.

Rabionet S, Santiago E, Zorilla C. A multifaceted mentoring model for minority researchers to address HIV health disparities. Am J Public Health. 2009;99(S1):65-70.

Gil E, Bob S. Culturally competent research: An ethical perspective. Clin Psychol Rev. 1999;19(1):45-55.

Bushy A. Conducting culturally competent rural nursing research. Annu Rev Nurs Res. 2008;26(1):221-36.

Betancourt J, Green A, Carrillo J, Park E. Cultural competence and health care disparities: Key perspectives and trends. Health Aff. 2005;24(2):499-505.

Echeverri M, Brookover C, Kennedy K. Nine constructs of cultural competence for curriculum development. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74(10):181.

Crenshaw K, Shewchuk R, Qu H, Staton L, Bigby J, Houston T, Allison J, Estrada C. What should we include in cultural competence curriculum? An emerging formative evaluation process to foster curriculum development. Acad Med. 2011;86(3):333-41.

Cuellar N, Brennan A, Vito K, de Leon Siantz, M. Cultural competence in the undergraduate nursing curriculum. J Prof Nurs. 2008;24(3):143-49.

American Association for Health Educators. Importance of cultural competence for health educators. 2006. Available from: http://aahperd.confex.com/aahperd/2006/finalprogram/session_28773.htm.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.